Famous people, History of Scottish Canadians

How Scots contributed to Canada

Scots have a very rich history in Canada. Historians even wrote that the Scots not only defined Canada but also took measures to make sure that the economy of this country flourishes.

There are many famous Scottish descendants who were made a major part of the Canadian political, financial and industrial system. Some people are of the view that Scots helped Canada when there whenever there is a political turmoil or country as a whole needs help. The most interesting fact in this regard is that around 10 million Canadians today have Scottish decent. They are very much attached to the country and work for its prosperity. There are many descendants from Scotland who remain Canadian prime ministers. These Scots started as ordinary men and moved up the ranks after hard working and self-determination. Highland Clearances in Scotland is a part of history which one cannot forget. It was after the battle of Culloden that many Scots left their homeland. Most of these were the fighters who stood for a cause. The others came to Canada to avoid prosecution. Some also think that the similarities in culture, tradition, and landscape allowed these Scottish emigrants to move comfortably. Whatever the reason is Canada is now known as the second home to Scots and it rightfully is.

There are many ways in which Scotsmen contributed to Canada.

Political activities

The Scottish are very influential when it comes to Canadian politics. It is because they not only love their second homeland but also contribute to its success. The Canadian political system in return inducted them and made it possible for them to get what they deserve. The first prime minister of Canada was of Scottish descendant which means that Canada loves pluralism.

Who doesn’t know George Brown who is regarded as the best Scot Canada has ever seen. He is still regarded as a father of confederation. He also published Canada’s first newspaper. Then John MacDonald is another figure which Canada cannot forget at all. The Scots not only remain in the region but have also expanded the boundaries of this country further.


When it comes to Scot contribution to Canada infrastructure is no exception. Scotsmen not only funded and financed the system in Canada but are among those maintaining it for centuries. Everyone knows James Douglas. He emphasized upon the overall ways and means which are necessary to link Canada to the world. Interconnectivity options were also designed by him. It simply means that the current railway system of Canada owes its presence to James Douglas. Apart from all this he also made sure that BC is induced into the confederation.

Economic systems

Scots have contributed towards the social and finance sector of the country as well. The rules and procedures upon which the Canadian banking system operates are devised by people like James McGill and John Strachan. Since the political system inception in Canada, there have been 23 Prime Ministers in total. Among the 14 have Scottish roots and descendant. Current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is no exception to this.

Famous places, History of Scottish Canadians

Scottish Canadians: Provincial Analysis

Scottish Canadians are the fourth largest ethnic group in Canada. The total number of Scots in Canada is about 4.5 million.  This group comprises 15% of total population of the country. With a huge cultural impact, this group has been working very hard for a prosperous Canada. The exact timeline of Scots entering Canada is not available but there are many famous places in Canada which have been named after the related personalities. Some historians are of the view that the issues within Scotland back in 18th century urged the locals to migrate. There are several other factors as Canada is known as the land of opportunities. Despite large area of Canada, the population is too low. It can be said that keeping this particular factor in view the Scot immigration to Canada was encouraged by the government. The influence of Scots on different provinces of Canada we will see there:

Nova Scotia

The name says it all. It is that province of Canada which is highly influenced by Scottish immigrants as well as the culture related. From music to art and paintings it is highly prejudiced by the famous Scots that settled here in the early 19th century. Some historians are of the view that this settlement of Scots may be far early as the modern history quotes. The culture of this province is defined by the Scots that immigrated here after Scottish Clearance. The intriguing part is that the there is a healthy number of Nova Scotians who know how to read and write the ancient Scottish languages. It is interesting to find that this trend is also prevalent nationwide.


McGill University

It is also one of the provinces of Canada which is highly colonized by Scots during the medieval era. There are many Scots that have contributed to the success of this awesome Canadian place. The best part is that the first governor of this province was a Scot. The famous McGill University of this province has also been established by early Scots here. The overall success of this ethnic group here is due to the fact that there the most important parts of the society of were captured. From finance to education these Scots still have an impact on this province and it will continue for coming ages as well. Scots here also made sure that the departments or establishments are also taken care of properly.

British Columbia

Fraser River

Here in this province, there are many influential Scots which have contributed to the success of especially modern day Vancouver. There are many memorials which can be seen all over the city. Though the early Scots were here as Fisherman but soon due to their tactics and tricks they held key positions of the province. There are many places in the province which have been named after early Scots that settled here. Fraser River which is the most important part of Vancouver is named after famous Scot. The fact is that this ethnic group has highly influenced the area. The overall cultural impact of Scots cannot be overlooked at all.